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Completed in 1854, the [[Taunton State Hospital]] in Massachusetts became the first hospital built following the kirkbride plan. The slow demise of these institutions came about with a combination of the death of Dr. Kirkbride in the late 1880's and a shift in popular treatment methods for the insane. Around 1900 most new hospitals were moving away from the Kirkbride Plan in favor of smaller and more segregated styles of asylum construction. Many kirkbride buildings were lost in the 20th century due to fires, others were abandoned or demolished when newer buildings were constructed. Some have been modified so heavily that they no longer look like a kirkbride building. There are however, still a few Kirkbride buildings that have survived into the 21st century, some are still being used for their original purpose, others have been renovated for other uses like residential housing.
 
Completed in 1854, the [[Taunton State Hospital]] in Massachusetts became the first hospital built following the kirkbride plan. The slow demise of these institutions came about with a combination of the death of Dr. Kirkbride in the late 1880's and a shift in popular treatment methods for the insane. Around 1900 most new hospitals were moving away from the Kirkbride Plan in favor of smaller and more segregated styles of asylum construction. Many kirkbride buildings were lost in the 20th century due to fires, others were abandoned or demolished when newer buildings were constructed. Some have been modified so heavily that they no longer look like a kirkbride building. There are however, still a few Kirkbride buildings that have survived into the 21st century, some are still being used for their original purpose, others have been renovated for other uses like residential housing.
  
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== KIRKBRIDE LAYOUT OPTION 1 ==
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===Early Kirkbride===
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*Notice how the wards are grouped tightly together. There is barely any separation between each ward.
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*Plus also note that in the first design before any revisions, the wards do not have any exterior porches for the patients to get some fresh air outside of the ward.
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*Also, the over all complex seems much more compact.
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*These first Kirkbride's were influenced by AMASII/Kirkbride patient limitations of only 250 patients should be housed in on building.  Thus, these first buildings were a little bit smaller then later Kirkbrides.
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*These first Kirkbrides relied on ventilation towers to provide fresh air. 
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*Meals were prepared in a central location and then given to the patients in the wards instead of a central dining room.
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<center>
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<Gallery>
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File:TauntionAerial 01.jpg|[[Taunton State Hospital]]
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File:Danvers Aerial 01.jpg|[[Danvers State Hospital]]
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File:Weston01.jpg|[[Weston State Hospital]]
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File:Spring Grove SH 03.jpg|[[Spring Grove State Hospital]]
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</gallery>
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</center>
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===Late Kirkbride===
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*The wards seemed much more spaced apart. Each one has some kind of connecting hallway which the earlier designs did not. Some are very short while other hallways are curved like Buffalo.
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*Also, notice how the buildings have become much more ornate then some of the earlier versions.
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*Plus, we start to see more things like porches attached to wards then before. It almost seems like the later designs have added much more to their wards then earlier versions.
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*AMASII had changed the maximum limit of patients allowed in a mental hospital from 250 to 600 patients in 1866. This influenced later architects who had to design larger hospitals to accommodate the increase in population.
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*Later Kirkbrides were spaced out more to provide better and more fresh air over the earlier ventilation towers.
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<center>
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<gallery>
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File:Buffalo SH Aerial.jpg|[[Buffalo State Hospital]]
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File:FFSH aerial.jpg|[[Fergus Falls State Hospital]]
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File:Cherokee State Hospital Aerial 2010.jpg|[[Cherokee State Hospital]]
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File:Vivkis Fred Bell jpeg 31.jpg|[[Nevada State Hospital]]
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</gallery>
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</center>
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== KIRKBRIDE LAYOUT OPTION 2 ==
  
 
===Traditional Kirkbride===
 
===Traditional Kirkbride===

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