Rochester Psychiatric Center

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Rochester Psychiatric Center
Rochester Psychiatric Center
Established 1826
Construction Began 1868
Opened 1857
Current Status Active
Building Style Cottage Plan
Architect(s) Franklin Ware & William Haugaard
Location Rochester, NY
Architecture Style Georgian Revival
Alternate Names
  • Monroe County Insane Asylum
  • Rochester State Hospital


In 1826 Monroe County established an Almshouse in order to care for it's growing population of poor. By 1857 they found the need to open a separate wing of the building simply to house and treat the poor who were mentally disabled. The number of patients in the separate wing had increased so dramatically by 1862 that it was necessary to expand into a separate building the housed only the mentally disabled and insane. This separate building was named the Monroe County Insane Asylum.

New York State Legislature passed a bill providing funding for the establishment of state hospitals to care for the insane in 1890, and by July 1, 1891 Monroe County Insane Asylum became Rochester State Hospital. It's current name, Rochester Psychiatric Center, was changed in the early 1970's though it remains a state funded hospital. The Monroe County Sheriff’s Office currently operates a forensic unit at the center.

In 2015, Morgan Management and the ARNGroup LLC, both developers, have submitted proposals to redevelop the old psychiatric center located on Elmwood Avenue on the southeast side of Rochester. The 16 story Terrance tower will be demolished and replaced by the project’s gateway building which will be 5 to 12 stories, with rooftop terraces and balconies for many of its 320 apartment homes.

Images of Rochester Psychiatric Center

Main Image Gallery: Rochester Psychiatric Center