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==History==
 
==History==
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(the picture shown is not the hospital it is the nurses dorm)
 
Construction on the Bartonville State Hospital began in 1885, and the main structure-an enormous building most closely resembling a medieval castle-was completed in 1887. The building was never used, apparently due to the structural damage caused when the abandoned mine shafts it was built over collapsed. The psychiatric hospital was rebuilt in 1902 under the direction of Dr. George Zeller and implemented a cottage system of 33 buildings, including patient and caretaker housing, a store, a power station, and a communal utility building. Zeller was considered a pioneer of a kinder generation of mental health care, using no window bars or other restraints in his design.
 
Construction on the Bartonville State Hospital began in 1885, and the main structure-an enormous building most closely resembling a medieval castle-was completed in 1887. The building was never used, apparently due to the structural damage caused when the abandoned mine shafts it was built over collapsed. The psychiatric hospital was rebuilt in 1902 under the direction of Dr. George Zeller and implemented a cottage system of 33 buildings, including patient and caretaker housing, a store, a power station, and a communal utility building. Zeller was considered a pioneer of a kinder generation of mental health care, using no window bars or other restraints in his design.
  
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In July 2008, the non-profit group "Save The Bowen, Inc." purchased the former nurses residence, known as the Bowen Building. They are beginning the task of restoring it to it's original condition.
 
In July 2008, the non-profit group "Save The Bowen, Inc." purchased the former nurses residence, known as the Bowen Building. They are beginning the task of restoring it to it's original condition.
 
In September 2017 the Bowen Building was torn down so the city could salvage the limestone. After 122 years the Peoria State Hospital was no more.
 
  
 
== Images of Bartonville State Hospital ==
 
== Images of Bartonville State Hospital ==
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*''Bittersweet Memories: A History of the Peoria State Hospital'', by Gary L. Lisman and Arlene Parr  
 
*''Bittersweet Memories: A History of the Peoria State Hospital'', by Gary L. Lisman and Arlene Parr  
 
*''Asylum Light: Stories from the Dr. George A. Zeller Era and Beyond; Peoria State Hospital, Galesburg Mental Health Center, and George A. Zeller Mental Health Center'', by James Sheridan Ward
 
*''Asylum Light: Stories from the Dr. George A. Zeller Era and Beyond; Peoria State Hospital, Galesburg Mental Health Center, and George A. Zeller Mental Health Center'', by James Sheridan Ward
*''The Architecture of Madness-Insane Asylums in the United States'' by Carla Yanni
 
  
 
==Video==
 
==Video==
*The following is a three part series done by Janette Washington as part of a senior thesis.
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A 3-part series done by Janette Washington as part of a senior thesis.
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<youtube v="TD5AD17OUOg" /> <youtube v="2rew5jwp6u0" /> <youtube v="XXaHfhOWW-o" />
<videoflash>2rew5jwp6u0</videoflash>  
 
<videoflash>XXaHfhOWW-o</videoflash>
 
  
 
[[Category:Illinois]]
 
[[Category:Illinois]]

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